This module taught you that considering the whole person when diagnosing is a vital component of the diagnostic and treatment process. However, before a counselor can assess a person, it is important for him or her to consider all the factors that can potentially influence the diagnosis; in other words, the counselor must understand how to utilize an integrative approach and why this multidimensional approach is beneficial. For example, a client comes in for an assessment, complaining of irritability; however, you do not assess for potential medical conditions that could influence the diagnostic process. You provide counseling, but the counseling does not work because the person has a medical condition, Diabetes Mellitus Type I, that was not stabilized. In this instance, you would have attempted to treat a medical condition with mental health treatment. When situations such as these arise, a counselor must be aware of the different factors that can influence symptoms presentation in order to effectively diagnose and treat individuals.
To ethically diagnose a client, the assessment process needs to be comprehensive and integrate all factors that may influence the diagnostic process. A counselor should always be mindful of the impact a diagnostic label can have on a person and discuss this with the client. In addition, a counselor must be aware of the pros and cons associated with diagnostic labeling and the roles of emotion and stress. This assignment will explore the use of a multidimensional approach, the differences in the types of classification systems used by the DSM, and the roles of emotions and stress in psychopathology.
In a minimum of 300 words, post to the Discussion Area your responses to the following:
Advantages and Disadvantages of Psychiatric Diagnosing and Mental Illness Labeling
There has been a great discussion concerning the pros and cons of psychiatric diagnosing and mental illness labels. Psychiatric diagnosis involves defining the symptoms of a mental illness as listed in the Diagnosis Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (Ben-Zeev, Young, & Corrigan, 2010). Mental illness labeling involves giving labels to people who look for help with their mental health problems. One advantage of diagnosis is that it helps ensure that the patient receives the best and helpful treatment despite his/her geographic location, ability to pay or even social class. One benefit of diagnosing and labeling is that the psychiatrist is able to communicate with the patient what is happening and this allows the patient to seek treatment. On the other hand, one of the main disadvantages is that it creates stigmatization. Labeling the patients with mental health makes other people view them as different and can cause the patient not to seek help. The diagnosis has been proved to give a false impression of certainty because e the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual has a lot of drawbacks.
During diagnosis process, it is important for the psychiatrist to put into consideration the multidimensional model of the patient. They should take into account the psychological, biological, and social disorders. Before diagnosing and labeling any mental illness, it is important for one to check the multidimensional characteristics of the patient. There are changes occurring in the body of the patient. This may involve mental where he/she stops functioning normally. These three factors of multidimensional perspective are closely related to each other as biological changes cause psychological changes which may, in turn, cause socioemotional changes in the patient’s body.
Role and Influence of Stress and Emotions on Medical Conditions
Scientists have proved that stress has a great influence on one’s mood, one’s sense of well-being, health and behaviour. When one is stressed, the immune system of the body is unable to fight off the antigens in the body (Folkman, 2013). This is one of the major reasons that one is more prone to infections when stressed. Stress has a great effect on the digestive system as it reduces the digestive activity. This affects the digestive health system leading to ulcers. Stress causes increased heart rate causing high blood pressure. This clear that stress has a great effect on the medical conditions of a person.
Ben-Zeev, D., Young, M. A., & Corrigan, P. W. (2010). DSM-V and the stigma of mental illness. Journal of Mental Health, 19(4), 318-327.
Folkman, S. (2013). Stress: appraisal and coping. In Encyclopedia of behavioral medicine (pp. 1913-1915). Springer, New York, NY
Jaquetta Stevens PhD.